It is difficult to look into the future. And the further you try to look, the higher the risk of error. In the 1960s, the American chemist, Nobel Prize winner Glenn Seaborg believed that by 2020 we will be able to breed intelligent animal species that will do manual labor instead of us. Thirty years before him, Nikola Tesla predicted that tea and coffee would go out of fashion for a century. Both of these forecasts did not come true, but if you look not through decades, but only a year ahead, then the probability of making a mistake will be less. Many students decide to work on projects related to Innovative technology, in this case, they mostly need essay help to be successful.
If all the missions are successful, then soon the flow of information about the Red Planet will increase many times. This is a big step towards Mars, where humanity is going to get to in the coming decades. Given the degree of risk of such a mission, any knowledge about this world will not be superfluous.
However, there is a place in space not only for science but also for entertainment. In the coming year, tourists can go there for the first time in 11 years. An unusual way of spending leisure time will be provided by NASA, which last year decided to open the International Space Station (ISS) for travelers. The company plans to take tourists there no more than twice a year, starting from 2022.
“In 2022, the first tourists will be able to spend a vacation on the ISS — $58 million per flight plus $35 thousand per day”
Of course, such a tour is not a cheap pleasure. NASA estimates a day in the main space stronghold of humanity at $35 thousand, and the maximum period for which tourists will be allowed there is 30 days. So the cost of a month on the ISS is more than a million dollars. But this is a mere trifle compared to how many future tourists will have to spend on the road. A place in the spacecraft of Boeing or SpaceX companies that will deliver people to the ISS is estimated at $ 58 million per flight.
However, those who want to try out an exotic voyage will also have a more affordable alternative — suborbital flights from Virgin Galactic. After several successful tests, the construction of a spaceport, and the placement of shares on the stock exchange, Richard Branson’s company was emboldened enough to start sending the first tourists to the border of outer space on board the SpaceShipTwo ship. A ticket for the ship is estimated at $250 thousand, but Virgin already has a queue of 600 customers who have booked a seat in advance.
It is closely followed by Blue Origin, which also claims its piece of the nascent space tourism market. It plans to send clients on space flights lasting several minutes, giving them a short-term feeling of weightlessness. To do this, Blue Origin runs in the New Shepard system, which has passed through 12 successful test launches. However, the company of Jeffrey Bezos claims that they will not send people on flights until they are sure that everything is working as it should. When exactly this will happen, representatives of Blue Origin do not say, but they hope that in 2022.
Presenting the new ship, Musk said that a flight to Earth orbit is possible in six months. This is an optimistic forecast, given that in the fall we saw only a prototype. SpaceX is not only working on spaceships and rockets. The company also plans to provide the world with Internet access with the help of a mega-constellation of Starlink satellites. It has already sent 180 vehicles into orbit. This is a drop in the ocean since in the future the constellation should include 42 thousand satellites.
SpaceX promises to accelerate launches and send 1,500 spacecraft into orbit within a year. It is assumed that in the middle of the year, the first users will be able to evaluate Musk’s space Internet.
SpaceX is one of Musk’s oldest creations, but he got another one. In the summer, the businessman introduced the company Neuralink, whose goal is to connect the human brain with a computer. Its engineers have developed implants that can read brain signals after implantation in the head and transmit them to a computer. With the help of such technology, it is possible, for example, to help people who have lost their speech, the ability to communicate by typing a text with the power of thought. And in the longer term — to combine human intelligence with artificial intelligence.
During the presentation, Musk said that the know-how has already been tested on animals, and promised to start testing on humans in 2021. Again, this statement may be too optimistic, but we will certainly hear more about the progress of Neuralink in the coming year.
It’s time to wait for news from another company of Musk, Boring Company, which plans to make a revolution in the urban transport system with the help of underground tunnels. Currently, it is digging a track near Las Vegas, and there is a chance that this year it will launch it into operation.
According to Musk, Boring will not take on new projects until it finishes the tunnel in Sin City.
Finally, the coming year will bring a new addition to the Tesla model range. The American automaker is going to launch the Model Y compact crossover into production, although, according to Deutsche Bank forecasts, this may happen as early as in the first quarter. This will be an extremely important launch for the company, because, according to Musk’s forecasts, the Model Y will surpass the other three passenger models of the brand combined in sales. In addition to everything, an electric Tesla Semi truck will go on the conveyor, but it will be released in a small edition.
Computer in the head
While Musk will develop his numerous projects, the world will closely monitor 5G. Last year, the technology just began to spread around the planet, appearing in the United States, South Korea, China, and some other countries. Being a student it was fun for me to do my research paper about network technology.
“Without a doubt, the headlines in 2022 will be full of announcements of new networks, messages about expanding coverage and new mobile devices with 5G support,” Daniel Hayes, an expert at the PwC consulting company in the field of communications and media, told the American business magazine Fast Company. In his opinion, the first announcements of this year may be made already at the February mobile technology exhibition Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. However, it is too early to say that 5G will change the lives of ordinary consumers. According to the estimates of the consulting company Gartner, at first, the advantages of the new technology will be appreciated more by business representatives. It will contribute to the creation of “smart” factories with a high level of automation, the development of precision agriculture, and the appearance of trucks that do not have driver’s cabins, since they are controlled remotely. Last year, Einride brought a couple of them to public roads in Sweden and hopes to increase their fleet to two hundred. This is just one example, but major automakers, such as Germany’s Daimler or China’s SAIC, are also engaged in similar developments.
Another promising technology, the development of which will be interesting to watch in 2022, is neuro implants that provide brain-computer communication. After all, not only Musk works in this industry, but also scientists from different countries. For example, last year, a group of American researchers successfully tested a bionic prosthetic arm capable of transmitting tactile sensations to a person deprived of a limb, and a few months later, French scientists returned the ability to walk to a paralyzed patient by developing a special exoskeleton for him. Both devices functioned with the help of the power of thought.
In addition to scientists, startups like Paradromics and Kernel, as well as IT industry giants like Facebook are also working on creating a brain-computer interface. Mark Zuckerberg’s company even joined forces with researchers at the University of California in San Francisco, together with whom it created a system that converts brain signals into speech, and also acquired the company CTRL-Labs, which was engaged in creating a bracelet that allows you to control a computer with the power of thought.
Chip Mikem, the co-founder of Tribeca Venture Partners, sees bright prospects for the young industry. In an interview with the American business publication Inc., he notes: “We will see the first commercial applications of neural interfaces that allow people to mentally communicate with computers.”
Not each of these events may take place exactly as expected, and it is certain that the world of science and technology will throw us more than one or two interesting surprises in the coming year. But it is all the more interesting to look into the future, for which changeability is the only unchangeable feature.